Arab music scales, rythms, melodies, tecnique, instruments and artists

An online encyclopedia dedicated to Arab music: sheets, scales, rythms, melodies, tecnique, instruments and artists: Maqam World

Rythms: alphabetical order

Aaraj
5/8
Aghar
Aqsaq
5/8
Aqsaq
9/8
Awfar
19/4
Awis
11/8
Ayyub
2/4
Dawr
Hindi
7/8
Dawr
Al Kabir
28/4
Dharafat
13/8
Fakhit
20/4
Fikra 15/4
Frankajin 24/4
Hazaj 22/4
Jurjina 10/8
Katakufti 8/8
Khush Rank 17/8
Malfuf 2/4
Maqsum 4/4
Masmudi Kabir 8/4
Masmudi Saghir 4/4
Mudawwar 12/4
Muhajjar 14/4
Mukhammas 16/8
Mukhammas Turki 32/4
Murabbaa 13/4
Nawakht 7/4
Nawakht Hindi 16/8
Nim Dawr 18/8
Nim Oyun Havasi 11/8
Nim Rawan 9/4
Sadah Duyek 16/8
Samai Ta’er 3/8
Samai Thaqil 10/8
Shanbar Halabi 24/4
Shanbar Kabir 48/4
Sinkin Samai 6/4
Sittatu Ashar 32/4
Turrah 21/4
Wahda 4/4
Wahda Mukallafa 2/4
Warshan Arabi 32/4

Rythms by timing

Ayyub 2/4
Malfuf 2/4
Wahda Mukallafa 2/4
Unknown 2/4 2/4
Samai Ta’er 3/8
Unknown 3/8 3/8
Maqsum 4/4
Masmudi Saghir 4/4
Wahda 4/4
Aaraj 5/8
Aghar Aqsaq 5/8
Sinkin Samai 6/4
Yuruk Samai 6/8
Dawr Hindi 7/8
Nawakht 7/4
Masmudi Kabir 8/4
Katakufti 8/8
Aqsaq 9/8
Nim Rawan 9/4
Samai Thaqil 10/8
Dawr Al Kabir 28/4
Mukhammas Turki 32/4
Sittatu Ashar 32/4
Warshan Arabi 32/4
Shanbar Kabir 48/4
Jurjina 10/8
Awis 11/8
Nim Oyun Havasi 11/8
Mudawwar 12/4
Dharafat 13/8
Murabbaa 13/4
Muhajjar 14/4
Fikra 15/4
Mukhammas 16/8
Nawakht Hindi 16/8
Sadah Duyek 16/8
Khush Rank 17/8
Nim Dawr 18/8
Awfar 19/4
Fakhit 20/4
Turrah 21/4
Unknown 21/8 21/8
Hazaj 22/4
Shanbar Halabi 24/4
Frankajin 24/4

Maqam* list

Lista alfabetica

Ajam
Athar
Kurd
Bastanikar
Bayati
Bayati
Shuri
Farahfaza
Hijaz
Hijaz
Kar
Hijaz
Kar Kurd
Husseini
Huzam
Iraq
Jiharkah
Kurd
<><>

Mahur
Mustaar
Nahawand
Nahawand
Murassah
Nairuz
Nawa
Athar
Nikriz
<><>

Rahat
El Arwah
Rast
Saba
Saba
Zamzam
Shadd
Araban
Shahnaz
Shawq
Afza
Sikah
Sikah
Baladi
Suzidil
Suznak
Ushaq
Masri
Yakah
Zanjaran

Lista per jins

Ajam
Ajam,
Jiharkah,
Shawq
Afza
Sikah
Bastanikar,
Huzam,
Iraq,
Mustaar,
Rahat
El Arwah
, Sikah,
Sikah
Baladi
Bayati
Bayati,
Bayati
Shuri
, Husseini
Nahawand
Farahfaza,
Nahawand,
Nahawand
Murassah
, Ushaq
Masri
Rast
Mahur,
Nairuz,
Rast, Suznak,
Yakah
Hijaz
Hijaz,
Hijaz Kar,
Shadd
Araban
, Shahnaz,
Suzidil,
Zanjaran
Saba
Saba,
Saba
Zamzam
Kurd
Kurd,
Hijaz
Kar Kurd
Nawa
Athar
Athar
Kurd
, Nawa
Athar
, Nikriz

Lista per nota iniziale

C
(Do)
Rast, Suznak,
Nairuz,
Mahur,
Hijaz Kar,
Nahawand,
Nahawand
Murassah
, Nawa
Athar
, Nikriz,
Hijaz
Kar Kurd
, Athar
Kurd
D
(Re)
Bayati,
Bayati
Shuri
, Husseini,
Hijaz,
Zanjaran,
Ushaq
Masri
,
Shahnaz
, Saba,
Saba
Zamzam
, Kurd
E
(Mi)
Sikah,
Huzam,
Mustaar
F
(Fa)
Jiharkah
G
(Sol)
Farahfaza,
Shadd
Araban
, Sikah
Baladi
, Yakah
A
(La)
Suzidil
B

(Si )
Ajam,
Shawq
Afza
B
(Si)
Rahat
El Arwah
, Iraq,
Bastanikar

* da www.maqamworld.com

In Arabic music, a maqam (plural maqamat) is a set of notes with traditions that define relationships between them, habitual patterns, and their melodic development. Maqamat are best defined and understood in the context of the rich Arabic music repertoire. The nearest equivalent in Western classical music would be a mode (e.g. Major, Minor, etc.)

The Arabic scales which maqamat are built from are not even-tempered, unlike the chromatic scale used in Western classical music. Instead, 5th notes are tuned based on the 3rd harmonic. The tuning of the remaining notes entirely depends on the maqam. The reasons for this tuning are probably historically based on string instruments like the oud. A side effect of not having even-tempered tuning is that the same note (by name) may have a slightly different pitch depending on which maqam it is played in.